Important Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for STD 10,11,12 in English

Mahatma Gandhi, also known as the ‘Father of the Nation,’ was a social reformer and freedom fighter who played a key role in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. In this English essay, we will explore the life and legacy of Mahatma Gandhi and how his ideology of non-violence inspired millions of people around the world.

English Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Born in 1869 in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi was raised in a Hindu family and grew up eating simple vegetarian food. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was the Dewan of Porbandar State. Gandhi was a bright student and went on to study law in London, where he was exposed to different cultures and ideas.

Mahatma Gandhi’s Role in India’s Struggle for Independence

In South Africa, where Gandhi went to work as a lawyer, he was the first to start a nonviolent protest movement against racial discrimination. This made him different from other protesters and earned him the respect of people from all walks of life. Mahatma Gandhi also created the concept of Satyagraha, a nonviolent way of protesting against injustice. He spent 20 years of his life in South Africa fighting against discrimination.

After returning to India in 1915, Mahatma Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress and became the leader of the Indian independence movement. He believed in the principles of ‘Ahimsa’ (non-violence) and ‘Satyagraha’ (truth force) and used these ideas to unite people in the struggle for independence. He started the ‘Khadi Movement’ to promote the use of Indian goods and discourage the use of foreign goods.

Mahatma Gandhi’s Contributions to Social Issues

Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to various social issues was significant. He fought against the age-old evil of ‘untouchability’ in society and advocated for the importance of education, cleanliness, health, and equality. He was a strong supporter of agriculture and encouraged people to do manual labor and become self-dependent.

Mahatma Gandhi’s life and legacy continue to inspire people around the world. He was a man of ethics, values, and discipline who motivated and encouraged young people to strive for a better world. His firm belief in self-discipline and non-violence helped him achieve his goals, and his fame and respect for his ideologies still resonate across the world.


In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi was a great soul who led India’s struggle for independence and inspired millions of people around the world with his ideology of non-violence. His contributions to various social issues and his belief in self-discipline and truth force continue to inspire people to this day. As we celebrate Gandhi Jayanti on October 2nd, let us remember his legacy and work towards a better world.

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